Growing Ground Provision: Dasheen, Cassava, Eddoes.

10 Mar 2015
Ground provisions are delicious and they even offers nutritional value however, they sometimes get kind of pricey in the local market place, so why not plant it yourself and save.

Planting your own Ground Provisions is healthy, economical and extremely convenient. Do you love ground provisions like Dasheen, Cassava and Eddoes as much as I do? Well why not grow them right in your own yard? Planting ground provisions is simple and does not require too much laborious work and as such you can Do It Yourself. You don’t specifically need any space right outside your kitchen door to create this provision garden, any cool area around your yard can be utilized.

dasheen on table

The Dasheen has a two-fold purpose, one as ground provision and the other as Callaloo bush. When planting dasheen make sure that the area is wet, as dasheen grows best in wet conditions. Plant your dasheen in an area where the soil is damp and it will thrive, if not ensure to water the dasheen stool regularly to keep its soil as moist as possible.  There are some tools needed such as a shovel or trowel, some organic material, a sharp clean knife, a garden hose or watering can and a pair of shears. The dasheen plant has tubers and each tuber has an eye, so be sure to plant the tubers three inches into the ground and a few feet apart, with each eye facing upward.  It should be noted that a tuber may have more than one eye but a sharp clean knife can be used to divide the tuber so each tuber section being planted has at least one eye.   After planting the tubers place some organic soil around them and water.  During its growth, the damaged leaves can be trimmed and the good ones, known as ‘Callaloo Bush’, can be cut to make Callaloo.  The young leaves are better to use as they are softer so the Callaloo is easy to swizzle when cooked.  Callaloo is delicious and rich in Iron.

Cassava (Yuca)
cassava  on table

The Cassava,also known as yuca, is another ground provision enjoyed a lot by Trinbagonians and Foreigners and it can be consumed boiled, fried or in soups.  A delicious processed product known as Farine is made from the Cassava. The cultivation of Cassava can take place right in your backyard and while most soils are conducive to its growth, it grows best in sandy clay soil. It also needs a lot of sunlight and because the tubers will deteriorate rapidly, it cannot withstand flooding or prolonged waterlogged conditions. While there are many varieties of cassava, the most well-known is the ‘Butter Stick’.  Before planting, the land should be cleared of all grass, bush and small trees and as mentioned earlier there should be adequate drainage for the soil.  The tubers or the cassava sticks can be planted approximately two feet apart. They should be planted in May, at the beginning of the rainy season and you can reap them eight to ten months later.  The tubers can be planted two inches into the ground, while the stick, which should be about two to three inch cuttings with several bud nodes along the length, can be planted three inches into the earth.  Boil Cassava can be eaten with anything but you should not consume too much of it because it contains a lot of starch.

eddoes on table

Eddoes can be considered a smaller version of the dasheen and although their leaves look similar, when pealed and cooked they look and tastes entirely different from the dasheen. After the area for the eddoes has been identified, which can be in the full element of the sun or partial shade, they should be planted, approximately a foot apart and four inches deep, after which they will grow into a clump. The leaveswill wither as if they are not getting sufficient water but do not water them because the eddoes may not boil. The eddoes take at least six months to grow and sometimes up to a year. They can be reaped during the middle to the end of the dry season, which is during the months of February to May. If they are reaped in the rainy season they will not boil. For proper reaping use a trowel. While there is very little effort to grow eddoes anywhere in your garden, every effort should be made not to damage them when cutting your yard. Remember to save some of the bulbs for replanting the next season.  Those you are going to eat, dry in the sun for at least a few days.

Make a Meal
green fig on table
There are some types of fruits like the Green Fig and Plantin, which are not provisions however, they are eaten with the Dasheen, Edoes and Cassava, either in soups or with 
the sweet tasting saltfish and enjoyed during the Lenten Season and on Good Friday. 
Try it!